Revelation is Covenantal
From our previous posts, we can see that covenant theology is not a construct we impose upon the Scripture, but rather, that paradigm which God has been pleased to reveal His dealings with those He created, for His glory, in revealing those dealings. That these dealings have to do with the Covenant of Redemption made by God eternally and unchangeably with Himself gives the proper weight to what we have come to know as Covenant Theology.
Consider the record: Acts 13:32-33: And we bring you the good news that what God promised to the fathers, this he has fulfilled to us their children by raising Jesus, as also it is written in the second Psalm, “‘You are my Son, today I have begotten you.’ Hebrews 1:5: For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”? And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.” Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.” But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom.”
Hebrews 6:16-20: For people swear by something greater than themselves, and in all their disputes an oath is final for confirmation. So when God desired to show more convincingly to the heirs of the promise the unchangeable character of his purpose, he guaranteed it with an oath, so that by two unchangeable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled for refuge might have strong encouragement to hold fast to the hope set before us. We have this as a sure and steadfast anchor of the soul, a hope that enters into the inner place behind the curtain, where Jesus has gone as a forerunner on our behalf, having become a high priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.
This is the eternal counsel of the Almighty breaking in for our benefit to know that which He has done in the Son from before the world, or creation, began. That which He promised by an oath of everlasting and unchanging decree, He has deigned to reveal to us within His written Word. That which was decreed before the world began (eschatology), He has deigned to show us (revelation).
Because of this, we can see that as God has decreed to relate to us by means of the covenants He made with His people throughout redemptive history, so those covenants all contained within them, to varying degrees and in progressive manner, the unfolding of the Eternal/Everlasting Covenant. So, the revelation of that which He discloses to us in Holy Writ is none other than the means by which He also communicates with us, and the covenantal structure is plain to see throughout Scripture. The first promise made – the proto-evangelion (first gospel) unfolds further with each historic covenant, and the shadows become more substantive in each additional covenant, with key aspects of the promise being unfurled for us as we go through them. With the Noahic, we see the promise of the New earth and heavens, and a picture of salvation; with the Abrahamic, that of the further establishment of the people, the Priesthood of the Messiah (Genesis 12:3; 14:18-20; 17:1ff; Psalm 110:1-4; Hebrews 6:20; 7:1-3, 11, 17), and the nation the Messiah would come through, with further pictures of salvation; with the Mosaic, the continuation and guarding of that line and the establishment of the Kingship the Messiah would inherit through the Davidic (Psalm 110:1; Acts 2:34-35; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Hebrews 1:13; 10:12-13; 12:2) both with more types and promises (Hebrews 8:5; 10:1) concerning the Prophet who would come. All these were guardians of the lineage that brought about the Messiah, with hints and typical aspects of that which would be finalized by Him when He came into the world. Notice how that which was typical was realized in the anti-type of our Lord, and is being realized in His body (1 Peter 2:5; 1 Corinthians 3:16; Ephesians 2:20-22).
May we see that which God intended for us to gather from His disclosure of His divine purpose from before the world was formed, rather than to read into His revelation our predictions to justify our particular paradigms of that which He has communicated to us in His grace.
Soli Deo Gloria – Bill H